Scrum Roles & Events in a Nutshell

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Scrum is a Framework that enables iterative and incremental product development, enable to get things done at the right time, maximizing the value of what is delivered. Tasks are performed faster and with higher quality by self-organizing Teams. High levels of self-motivation are achieved and are the reason why Scrum allows teams to reach higher productivity faster. Customer requirements are constantly prioritized according to Business Value and integrated into the Product at regular intervals, allowing the customer to punctually provide feedback to the Team and thus improving the quality of the product on time.

A Scrum project mostly starts with a vision of the system or product to be developed. The vision might be vague at first, and for sure stated on market issues rather than technical terms. It will become understandable as the project moves forward. Out of this Vision, the Product Owner is writing the Product Backlog.

Scrum is started on empirical process control theory. Empiricism maintain that knowledge comes from experience and making decisions based on what is known. Scrum employs an iterative, incremental approach to control risk and optimize predictability.

The Scrum framework consists of Scrum Teams and their associated roles, events:


Product Owner

  • creates and prioritizes the product backlog
  • understands the customer’s needs and the business value

Scrum Master

  • organizes the process
  • keeps track of the team’s progress
  • removes obstacles from the path of the team


  • organizes itself to perform the work and deliver business value


  • Iteration typically of 1-4 weeks length
  • This is where the development work (code, review, test) occurs

Sprint Planning Meeting

  • Select the stories the team trusts it can commit to in a sprint
  • Break the stories down into tasks and provide values for those tasks

Daily Scrum Meetings

Each day of the Sprint, ideally at the same time, the Development Team members hold a timeboxed Daily Scrum. This inspect-and adapt activity is sometimes referred to as the daily stand-up because of the common practice of everyone standing up during the meeting to help promote shortness.

  • The Daily Scrum Meeting is a 15-minute meeting for the Team, conducted daily to fast understand the work since the last Daily Scrum Meeting and make a plan for the next 24 hours. This meeting is also referred to as the Daily Stand-up Meeting.
  • The Daily Scrum Meeting is held at the same place and same time every day to reduce complexity.

Sprint Review

  • A Sprint Review is held at the finish of every Sprint. During the Sprint Review, extending of the increment that is getting released is reviewed. In this meeting, the Scrum Team and the stakeholders combine to understand what was done in the Sprint. Based on that, and any changes to the Product Backlog during the Sprint, the attendee’s approach at the next steps required that could reform value. Thus, the objective of the Sprint Review is to obtain feedback and progress unitedly.
  • The Sprint analysis is normally held for two hours for two-week sprints and for four hours for one-month sprints.
  • A successful review results in bidirectional data flow. The people who aren’t on the Scrum Team get to sync up on the development effort and help guide its direction. At the same time, the Scrum Team members gain a deeper value for the business and marketing side of their product by getting frequent feedback on the combination of the product toward delighted customers. The Sprint review therefore represents a scheduled opportunity to examine and adapt the product

Sprint Retrospective

  • The Sprint Retrospective occurs after the prior and Sprint Review to the next Sprint Planning. This is usually a one-hour meeting for two-week period sprints and a three-hour meeting for one-month duration Sprints.
  • At the finish of a Sprint retrospective the Scrum Team should have identified and committed to a practical number of process development actions that will be handle by the Scrum Team in the next Sprint.
  • After the Sprint retrospective is completed, the whole cycle is repeated – starting with the next Sprint Planning session, held to determine the current highest value set of work for the team to focus on.


As you may see, Scrum is a simple and indeed convenient framework that makes the development process much more efficient and faster. Opting for a team that works according to Scrum is always a wise decision since this methodology allows for the constant improvements and adaptations, so, in the end, you receive a product that perfectly fits your needs. Scrum has a less is more philosophy. It is all about keeping it simple, step by step but regularly giving value. It is all about team empowerment and letting the team decide Scrum has a less is more philosophy. It is all about keeping it simple, step by step but regularly giving value. It is all about group empowerment and letting the team decide.

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